International Women’s Day is celebrated on March 8 every year to mark the contribution of women to society across the globe. According to the United Nations website, the first International Women’s Day was marked in 1909 in America, marked as the National Woman’s Day on February 28 that year. The Socialist Party of America marked this day in honour of the 1908 garment workers’ strike in New York, in which women had protested against bad working conditions and work hours. Since then, this day celebrates women’s contribution and also talks about their development. International Women’s Day has helped to build a strong support system and courage for all women.
The first International Women’s Day was celebrated on March 19, 1911. The first Women’s Day on March 8 was marked in 1914, in Germany. In December 1977, the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution and proclaimed a United Nations Day for Women’s Rights and International Peace. This day marked the demand of strong rights for women, including the right to vote, to hold public office, and a voice against employment and sex discrimination.
The International Women’s Day movement has helped to bring about a major change in the world and women are looked upon with respect and dignity, but there is a long way to go before women get the respect they deserve from men. There are certain colours which represent women’s struggles on International Women’s Day, including purple, white and green. On Women’s Day, activists wear a purple ribbon on their wrist to support equality, justice, dignity and respect to women.
In 1945, a Charter of the United Nations signed the first international agreement for the equal rights between women and men. The UN became a major force in helping change the traditional legacy of women. Every year, there is a unique theme for International Women’s Day by the UN. The UN theme for International Women’s Day 2017 is ‘Women in the Changing World of Work: Planet 50-50 by 2030‘ with the hashtag is #BeBoldForChange. Every year. the UN theme for International Women’s Day sends out a strong and powerful message for gender equality.
The targets of the ‘Women in the Changing World of Work: Planet 50-50 by 2030’ are as follows:
- Ensure that all girls and boys complete free, equitable and quality primary and secondary education leading to relevant and Goal – 4 effective learning outcomes till 2030.
- All girls and boys have access to quality early childhood development, care and pre- primary education so that they are ready for primary education by 2030.
- Terminate all discrimination against all women and girls by 2030.
- End of violence against women and girls in the public and private spheres, including trafficking and sexual and other types of exploitation.
- End practices like child, early and forced marriage and female genital